Decentralization, LENR and Blockchain Technology

LENR.  Blockchain.  These are two odd words many people have probably never heard of before and certainly not in the same conversation.  However, in an ironic twist of fate, the two of them may depend upon one another in a new era of decentralization.

LENR is short for Low Energy Nuclear Reactions or Lattice Enabled Nuclear Reactions or a host of other acronyms which have come to symbolize what was once referred to as Cold Fusion.  All essentially represent the heretofore unexplained phenomenon where purported anomalous and excess amounts of heat are generated when a stimulus is applied to certain transition elements which have absorbed isotopes of hydrogen.

The blockchain has become synonymous with Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency of choice for those investing and using digital currencies in commerce.  However, there are hundreds of these digital coins and tokens in use and they are all run by a backbone of distributed databases which are used to maintain a continuously growing list of records, called blocks.  This is the blockchain.  The records are permanent, decentralized, public and irreversible.  The blockchain is maintained by nodes of processors running the calculations that create the never-ending creation of new blocks.  The energy consumption for these processors is growing daily as the blockchain grows in popularity.

LENR, revered as the cheapest and cleanest energy source, has been plagued by three constant issues – centralization, censorship and a lack of funding.  In a centralized world where energy and valuable and useful information is stored on private servers, corporations are incentivized to hoard experimental data in order to profit from it.  However, this mindset has inhibited the growth of LENR technology as this hoarded institutional knowledge is lost when funding or patience runs out.  Each successive LENR experimenter faces the same challenges and issues as their predecessor, causing advances in the field to only be incrementally gained.

Blockchain technology empowers its users by decentralizing information, providing a prosperous ecosystem for like-minded individuals and now an ingenious means for funding through ICOs (initial coin offerings).  By using the Ethereum platform, users can build an ecosystem that is decentralized, free from censorship, free from value-sapping middlemen and a means to transfer value.  By issuing their own token or coin, a group has the potential to raise millions of dollars in funding without having to engage brokers or venture capitalists.  This brings about several intended benefits.  Used as a deflationary currency, as the ecosystem gains in popularity, the limited supply of tokens will rise in value, benefiting the ecosystem as a whole and not just a few centralized players.  Those who CREATE the value will be directly compensated.

Decentralization and blockchain technology will disrupt more than just our centralized economies.  It has the ability to empower and give real value to the efforts of artists, creators, experimenters and anyone else who is willing to provide value in the ecosystem of your choice.  Plans for local energy distribution will become more common with blockchain capabilities and LENR, advanced by the technology itself, may be relied upon to meet the insatiable demands for powering the blockchains.

Swarm.City, debuting its Boardwalk platform on June 15, 2017, will be the first truly decentralized peer to peer sharing economy, enabled by the SWT token, running on the Ethereum blockchain.  It will be a watershed moment in decentralization and may be the first time the common person realizes a benefit from the blockchain running in the background.




The 12th International Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals

The 12th International Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals is taking place in Italy in a few days.  The following link is the provisional schedule of presentations.

The following is from a “Road Map” for Developing Engineering Applications of LENR Technologies,” by I. Goryachev, a retired scientist from the Russian research center “Kurchatov Institute” in Moscow.

The experimental results of the LENR phenomenon now urgently require that practical applications be developed. My presentation demonstrates several important technologies that can be realized in the near future. These technologies go in the following directions:

  • Generation of ecologically clean and safe heat
  • Generation of ecologically clean and safe electricity
  • Complete neutralization of nuclear waste
  • Cheap and ecologically clean desalination of seawater
  • Neutralization of toxic gases and toxic waste
  • Production of precious and rare metals by using cheap starting materials (note by LENR-supported transmutation)
  • Production of new special materials and alloys
  • Use of LENR radiation for technical and medical applications

The Powerpoint presentation will present 11 different projects:

  • A 100 kW water heater unit
  • A 5 MW generator for electricity
  • A 120 kW full generator for electricity
  • A 10 MW power station
  • A technological complex for the deactivation of radioactive waste and fillings
  • Technology for the economically effective desalination of seawater
  • Detoxification of chemical agents
  • Facilities for the production of stable isotopes
  • Reactor for the production of gold and special alloys
  • Equipment for medical applications

 Here is the general link to the workshop 

A New Source of Energy Using Low-Energy Fusion of Hydrogen

A new paper from Ed Storms, Research Scientist, with LENRGY, LLC, a Santa Fe, New Mexico company, has been published in Environmental Science: An Indian Journal.

Received: March 06, 2017; Accepted: March 19, 2017; Published: March 22, 2017

Citation: Storms E. A New Source of Energy using Low-Energy Fusion of Hydrogen. Environ Sci Ind J. 2017; 13(2):132.

Abstract:  This paper describes the claim for energy production based on the so-called cold fusion effect. Reasons are given to explore this energy source based on the need for such clean energy and the observed behavior. Chemical energy alone has powered civilization until relatively recently when nuclear fission power based on uranium became available. Efforts are now underway to go the next step on this path using nuclear sources by harnessing the fusion of hydrogen. The first attempt using the so-called hot fusion method has not been successful in producing practical power. Furthermore, the required generator is expected to be impractical as results of its complexity and size even after the many engineering problems are solved. Perhaps a different approach is needed. Fortunately, a new method to cause fusion using a simpler method was recently discovered; only to be widely rejected because it conflicts with what is known about nuclear interaction. This paper addresses this issue by summarizing some of the evidence supporting such a novel fusion reaction.

Brillouin Energy Looks to Raise $15 Million in Equity Financing by June

Brillouin Energy is looking to raise $15 million in new equity by June 2017, according to a MergerMarket report uploaded on Brillouin’s website.

Brillouin Energy, a Berkeley, California based clean technology company, is in early discussions to raise USD 15m in equity financing, CFO David Firshein said.  Brillouin’s goal is to complete the Series C raise by June, Firshein said. The company’s pre-money valuation is just over USD 60m, he said.  Brillouin is developing an ultra-clean, low cost, renewable energy technology that can produce commercially useful amounts of thermal energy from Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR).

The company is seeking both strategic and financial investors, Firshein said. It has alreadyattracted interest from both venture firms and corporates, but it does not yet have a lead investor for the round, he said.  Proceeds from the raise will support further development of Brillouin’s renewable heat energy technology and will make the technology market ready, the CFO said. The company expects to be cash flow break-even in about a year, he added.

Brillouin is already generating some revenues based on licensing agreements it has in place, the CFO said.

The company has two licensing agreements one with a South Korean company active in the infrastructure sector and another with a company that operates in Canada, he said.  Brillouin was founded in 2009 and has total funding of approximately USD 11m. Its most recent round of USD 7.75m closed at the beginning of March. James Farrell, managing director at Beyond Carbon Energy was lead investor for the round.  Brillouin’s technology includes a method of electrical stimulation of nickel metal conductors based on Brillouin’s proprietary control system Q Pulse, according to its website.

Its offering also includes a WET Boiler that can provide commercial and residential buildings with lower grade process heat up to 150°C and a Hydrogen Hot Tube that can provide several scalable non- fossil fuel process heat applications including steam turbine power plants, hydronic heating and desalination of salt water.


Forbes: What Aspiring Engineers Need To Know About The Future Of Energy

In an article published at Forbes, Paul Browning, President and CEO of Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems America, answers several questions about clean energy production.

“Since 2005 the carbon emissions from the U.S. power sector are down by 23%.”

While there is no mention of LENR, Browning does say that renewables, coupled with battery technology, or clean power sources that remove the problem of carbon emissions, will be the likely energy source of the future.  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is actively engaged in LENR and transmutation research.

In an article entitled Transmutation Reaction Induced by Deuterium Permeation Through Nanostructured Multi-layer Thin Film, the authors claim “there is a possibility, however, that this technology could become an innovative technology that could be developed for radioactive waste treatment, and we will promote research toward commercialization while continuing to make efforts to elucidate the phenomenon.”

IH Expert Witness Publishes Scathing E-Cat Report

A recent filing in the Rossi vs. IH case has revealed a particularly scathing expert technological report by Rick A. Smith, P.E., which claims to invalidate Fabio Penon’s data and even goes so far as to call it “fictitious.” Smith further contends the water flow numbers were caused by a hot water flow circuit and not any steam flow as advertised by Rossi.

The full report may be read here.

Based on the preceding and my more than forty years’ experience as a professional engineer engaged in facility and utility engineering and operations, it is within a reasonable degree of engineering certainty that I conclude the following:

1. There was no steam flow from the E-cat to the black box, based on both a pressure difference analysis and a heat transfer (temperature difference) analysis. In fact steam flow (other than de minimus amounts to warm the piping) was impossible with the configuration at the time of the validation period. Thus, any steam flow numbers appearing in Mr. Penon’s report are not valid, therefore the whole report is invalid.

2. If there were a heat exchanger and cooling fans in the mezzanine, there is absolutely no physical evidence of their existence.

3. Because of anomalies in the reported data which violate the laws of thermodynamics, and major discrepancies between Mr. Fabiani’s data and Mr. Penon’s data, the data reported by Mr. Penon must be viewed with extreme skepticism.

4. Only the four BF units were running during the majority of the validation period. At times, some units were down for repair or maintenance. Their combined maximum “steam” output is 482 KW thermal. Despite this, Mr. Penon reported significantly higher produced energy numbers for the entire test. It is the author’s opinion that the produced energy numbers in Mr. Penon’s report are incorrect and therefore, his entire report is invalid.

5. It is the author’s opinion that the water flow numbers found in Mr. Penon’s report were not generated by condensate returning from the black box. The alleged steam and condensate system was in reality a hot water flow circuit using the Grundfos pump to circulate the water through the piping and the water meter. Because of this, any “steam” flow numbers in the Penon report are fictitious and the whole report must be invalidated.

6. As the photos of the BF units illustrate, there are no superheaters, thus there can be no superheated steam. Because of this, Mr. Penon’s reported steam temperature numbers are not valid, thus his whole report is invalid.

Industrial Heat in Aggressive Pursuit of LENR

Another exhibit from the Rossi v. Darden case offers a revealing look at Industrial Heat and their activities over the past few years. IH has been aggressively pursuing LENR technology through acquisitions, patenting, funding and “grooming” partnerships with a myriad of LENR inventors and firms.

In an email dated March 4, 2016, Woodford Funds expresses clear disappointment in the coming announcement that IH was unable to announce successful testing of Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat technology as it was a “core element” in their initial investment of a reported £39 million.

214-35 – Exhibit 35

Article: Why is no one Talking About LENR Cold Fusion?

An article by William McKinney on EdgyLabs discusses the the promise of Cold Fusion and how it has been re-branded LENR. The article also discusses the role of suppression in the technology and the likelihood LENR may be commercialized before it is fully understood.

LENR does hold tremendous potential, but one must remember to temper their expectations whenever a new technology is discussed with fanfare. LENR may be long in potential, but so may the wait.

Drama in the Rossi V. Darden Case

A recent transcript of a discovery hearing in the Rossi et al. V. Darden et al. case from March 9, 2017 proved to be very informative. The magistrate is clearly rankled with the attorney’s bickering and in a revealing comment, Mr. Pace, for the defendants answered “probably not” when the magistrate asked if they were never going to settle the case. Mr. Pace also predicted a 2-3 week trial this summer. IH and Darden seem very committed to proving Rossi defrauded them and/or breached the agreement they had.

THE COURT: All right. Good.
You guys are never going to settle this case, huh?
MR. PACE: Probably not.
THE COURT: How long is this case going to take to try?
MR. PACE: A couple of weeks.
THE COURT: Really?
MR. PACE: Yes. Two, three weeks.

Rossi and Leonardo lost a tactical battle to disclose to the defendant’s attorneys two deposit transactions into Leonardo Corporation that the plaintiff’s are maintaining are irrelevant to the case. The magistrate upheld an agreement among the parties that will allow these transactions to be revealed for attorney’s eyes only. We may never know who this mystery financier is, but Rossi’s attorney tried very hard to conceal it.

THE COURT: And why is this so sensitive that he
cannot — I mean, why are we spending twenty minutes on this
thing? Why don’t you just show it to them and they will say,
okay, it’s not relevant.
MR. ANNESSER: Your Honor, our company works with
certain parties that has nothing to do with this license
agreement and nothing to do with anything at issue in this

Rossi also lost in a bid to keep his tax records concealed. There is a lot of Internet discussion about Rossi’s purported tax issues in Italy and his agreement with IH made this a condition of their agreement – that Rossi must pay his taxes – so this may come to bearing on this case as well.

THE COURT: All right. I am going to require that tax
returns be provided for attorney’s eyes. It’s alleged in the
complaint. Not even a defense really saying there was a prior
breach. So because of the prior breach serves as a defense to
Plaintiff’s breach because the contract was already breached.

Read the full transcript here.

Final Penon Report on E-Cat Output Published

The Rossi v. Industrial Heat, et al. case in federal court in Florida has resulted in the release of numerous exhibits. In fact, over the past week there has been almost too much to speculate on as both sides can be inferred as making compelling arguments for and against their claims. This is very typical of the U.S. adversarial judicial system where the truth unfortunately matters less than mounting a vigorous legal attack and defense.

Among the documents is the final report of one Fabio Penon, who was the mostly absentee professional chosen as the Expert Responsible for Validation (ERV) by both sides. The report claims the “energy multiple was always higher than 6” and the temperature of the steam produced was in excess of 100 degrees for the 350 days. In fact, on most days the reported COP was in excess of 60, which is a shocking number for many reasons.

You can decide for yourself the veracity of this report by reading it here and all the other court documents.