Sergio Focardi, friend and scientific advisor to Andrea Rossi, died on June 22, 2013. Professor Focardi was an acclaimed Italian physicist, emeritus professorat the University of Bologna. He led the Department of Bologna of the (Italian) National Institute for Nuclear Physics and the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences at the University of Bologna.He was a member of the President’s Board of the Italian Physical Society.From 1992 he had been working on cold fusion with nickel-hydrogen reactors. Since 2007, he had been working with Andrea Rossi, who posted the following regarding his friend:
For me he has been a tremendous ally, he helped our work enormously and the safety certifications that we are obtaining are the fruit of his consulting during the last 7 years. For me he has been also a teacher for Physics and Mathematics, anytime I needed his help in these matters to better understand the theory behind the effect of the E-Cat.
As being reported, the European Patent Office has issued a patent for the Francesco Piantelli’s nickel-hydrogen reaction.
Francesco Piantelli, Professor of biophysics, University of Siena (retired), has been working on Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) or Cold Fusion processes using Nickel and Hydrogen since 1989 and has collaborated with Sergio Focardi since 1990.
A full text of the patent may be found on Daniele Passerini’s site.
China is seeking to transform itself from being the world’s factory into a global pioneer by declaring state-mandated measures to issue millions of new patents in the next several years. This ambitious mandate is part of a plan to transform China into an intellectual property powerhouse, which is quite different from its current “Made in China” image.
Following this trend, Cold Fusion Nowis reporting that U.S. based Brillouin Energy has been awarded a patent by China for its LENR-based boiler technology. While no official press release has been issued by the company, Brillouin has said that they have been able to reach a maximum of 110 per cent excess energy from its wet boiler system, and that “Recent data shows that excess heat production was in the range of 110% for 2 hours.”
Brillouin is beginning to establish itself as a leader in what a growing number of sources are calling a repeatable and measurable relationship between excess heat production and nickel-hydrogen stimulated reactions (cold fusion).
Disclosure: I am a shareholder of Brillouin Energy Inc.
Rumors swirling in the past week about Andrea Rossi’s Ecat are focusing on two major issues: 1) the lack of widespread scientific acceptance of the LENR phenomenon, and 2) Rossi’s unverifiable claims his excess energy production is a byproduct of a working LENR system.
Another European company is moving forward with it’s own LENR reactor it has named Hyperion. Rossi severed ties with this same Greek technology firm, Defkalion Green Technologies, last year after a falling out between the two parties. Since then, Defkalion has openly boasted its reactor will far surpass in power density and output the 1 MW unit that Andrea Rossi is marketing. Like Rossi, Defkalion is looking at commercial availability in late 2012 following approval of product licensing.
Defkalion has even issued a release it will allow third parties to evaluate its core technology: a multi stage LENR reaction between Nickel and Hydrogen.
In a never before released video, posted below, Defkalion shares some grainy testing taking place on one of its bare reactors.
Last week, NASA, under the pressure of an FOIA request, released the power point slides from an internal presentation in which three of its senior scientists discussed the nature of LENR and its impacts on space and air travel. NASA has been funding LENR research in the U.S. and has had continuing discussions with Andrea Rossi and other scientists working in the field for many years.
View NASA Slides Here
NASA’s Joseph Zawodny concludes that LENR is indeed a form of nuclear power, but not what is commonly thought of as “cold fusion.” Zawodny believes that the transformation of one element into another is consistent with neutron absorption as other scientists claim. He goes on to point out that under one theory of what is happening, decay products of the reaction are turned into heat and gamma rays are screened out. In comparing the energy output of LENR to fission, conventional fusion, and chemical reactions, Zawodny notes that LENR is theoretically capable of producing 8 million times as much energy as a comparable chemical reaction. This of course explains why a very slow reaction can produce excess heat while consuming only minimal amounts of hydrogen and nickel.
From The Peak Oil Crisis: E=mc2
Andrea Rossi’s recent developments with his Ecat reactor has cast a new light on LENR (low energy nuclear reaction) research. Often synonymous with “Cold Fusion,” widespread scientific and mainstream attention began with the assertions of Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, whom posited that previously unknown kinds of nuclear reactions and excess heat of a large magnitude could be observed in certain electrochemical cells.
With these principles in mind, Melvin Miles and colleagues were among the first researchers to observe the temporally correlated production of helium and heat during LENR electrolytic experiments. Miles’ work was groundbreaking in that it showed that the heat was related to some sort of nuclear effect.
Dr. Randell Mills and others reported significant excess heat from ordinary water cells with nickel electrodes, an energy which they deemed to be coming not from nuclear reactions, but from a new form of catalyzed shrinkage reaction via a remodeled form of the hydrogen atom, dubbed “hydrinos.” Mills has gone on to try and distance himself from the Cold Fusion moniker to write his own model of quantum mechanics and start commercial production of his own energy source.
What is the correlation between nickel and hydrogen atoms that strongly hints at a low level nuclear reaction can occur with the proper catalysts? Time will tell as a world dominated by massive fossil fuel consumption looks for new sources of renewable energy.
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Imagine a world with clean and renewable sources of energy. Now imagine the source of this energy is in the air you breathe and in the water your drink.
Hydrogen is the most abundant and the most basic element in the universe. A hydrogen atom contains a single electron and a single proton. Like many elements, hydrogen is very stable in its ground state, or at its state of lowest energy. Theoretically, if a hydrogen atom where to shrink and reach an even lower level of energy, a release of some excess energy would occur.
According to Dr. Randell Mills, when a hydrogen atom collides with certain other atoms or ions, it can transfer a quantity of energy to the other atom, shrinking at the same time, creating a so-called “hydrino” in the process. The atom that it collided with is called the “catalyst”, as it helps the hydrino shrink. Once a hydrino has formed, it can shrink even further through collisions with other catalyst atoms or even other hydrinos. Each successive collision results in further shrinkage and each level of shrinkage releases more energy than the previous level.
There is speculation that Andrea Rossi and Dr. Sergio Focardi’s Ecat reactor is creating hydrinos through a novel non-radiative transmutation of hydrogen and nanoparticles of nickel into copper with the help of a proprietary catalyst. The result, according to their claims, is a release of excess energy in which their device is used to heat water and produce steam. This steam can then be used to create electricity.
Imagine the possibilities indeed.
Josh Cole, J.D., Contributor