In an interesting paper by Magdi Ragheb, the author discusses the various mechanisms whereby deuteron disintegration in condensed matter through photonuclear and wave polarization reactions aid in the source of neutrons leading to the apparent transmutations being proffered as the source of anomalous heat in LENR events.
The author relies heavily on the Oppenheimer–Phillips process or strip reaction which is a type of deuteron-induced nuclear reaction. In this process the neutron half of an energetic deuteron (a stable isotope of hydrogen with one proton and one neutron) fuses with a target nucleus, transmuting the target to a heavier isotope while ejecting a proton.
The author discusses:
USA Navy’s Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, SPAWAR experiment,
Brillouin Energy, Controlled Electron Capture Reaction,
The following interview is with Michael McKubre of SRI International, one of the pioneers in the field of LENR. The interview covers a wide range of topics, from McKubre’s early days working with Martin Fleischmann, to discussions of cold fusion experiments and theory, and to the current commercial possibilities for LENR.
SRI has been responsible for over 1,000 patents, consulted on the plans for Disnleyland and is currently under contract with Brillouin Energy to study and consult on its LENR boiler devices.
Bob George, CEO, and Robert Godes, President and CTO of Brillouin Energy Corporation, the company in Berkeley California working on their LENR technology with Stanford Research Institute gave a nice interview on the SmartScarecrow show.
Brillouin is an impressive company with a working CECR theory and two products in development. The WET Boiler (Water Electrolytic Tube) is being done at their lab in Berkeley and the HHT (Hydrogen Hot Tube) is being worked on at SRI International in Menlo Park.
Google has allegedly visited their laboratory. What this means remains to be seen as Brillouin admits it is still a year or more from commercial licensing to manufacturers.
The single biggest hurdle to the acceptance of LENR fka Cold Fusion is control of the reaction. There is little doubt in the learned scientific community that the anomalous and excess heat generated by the unidentified reaction is real. This has been proven thousands of times in the past two decades.
Much to the dismay of the pioneering Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann (whom took this to his grave), the lack of control destroyed their careers and gave Cold Fusion a permanent black eye. Early experiments show that excess heat is somehow released by the absorption of deuterium in a palladium lattice, but their crude experiments were not controllable and virtually impossible to reproduce by others. Their work was dismayed as pseudoscience and all but killed further funding for research.
Twenty plus years later, the entrepreneurs now seem to have the upper hand. While the research dollars disappeared, experiments continued quietly in small labs across the globe. There are a handful of companies actively working to bring a LENR device to market. Again, control is the key issue if one believes Rossi, Brillouin, Blacklight and Defkalion all have devices which produce excess heat.
Brillouin Energy Corporation seems especially in tune with the issue. Its founder, Robert Godes, has been working for many years to solve the control issue. His innovations apparently allows Brillouin a controlled and predictable output and a working theory they call a Controlled Electron Capture Reaction. Their theory and stability has generated millions of dollars in funding and a relationship with the Standford Research Institute.
Further developments in control will spur more funding and more research. As the phenomenon is more fully understood, a solid reproducible reaction will be available to everyone.
Michael McKubre was asked to speak specifically on what will move this forward. He says two things necessary to move this science forward are, a need, and an independently-minded nation.
Who fits the bill? Italy.
“Italy is performing very well in this area,” says McKubre. “The next conference will be held in Venice, a rich city. Why is Venice a rich city? It is the industrial center of the region and it’s on the backs of industry that this field will move forward.”
According to the event page at Livestream.com, the broadcast will begin at 6:00 a.m. EDT on Monday July 22 and run until 9:00 a.m. EDT. Following is the detailed event description from Livestream.com, translated by Google:
“Live from the labs Defkalion Europe, in Milan, is set up what is perhaps the most advanced experiment of cold fusion. Cold fusion has long been the center of controversy, large differences, suspicions, supporters and accusers who, in no uncertain terms, speak of scam. The substance would be very simple: with cold fusion we are in the presence of an energy source with essentially unlimited and low costs. If this new energy source was available on the market, as announced at the Defkalion Europe, it would change the global energy scenarios. In the course of this meeting, organized by Defkalion Europe, in cooperation with TRIWU ‘and Moebius, the transmission of Radio Science 24, Il Sole 24 Ore, it can be seen working the “machine” that through a process of LENR, Low energy Nuclear Reaction produces energy. The reactor has never been seen before to the general public. Federico Pedrocchi Moebius, Maurizio Melis (also known as the host of Mr. Kilowatt Radio 24), with the help of technical Defkalion Europe and other guests, will describe the “machine” in its various components, and tell how the process works – or should work, telling the voices of those who cry all’imbroglio. One thing is certain: the appointment is of great interest to the world of scientific research and industrial development. If it works, the energy revolution of cold fusion will change the daily lives of everyone.”
The Columbia Daily Tribune, the hometown newspaper of the University of Missouri features an article by Karin Spory on the the upcoming International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF-18) which will take place at the University starting on July 21, 2013.
“The fact that we’re seeing something here that we don’t understand — I see it as a huge opportunity for basic physics research to try to understand why we don’t understand it,” said Robert Duncan, vice chancellor of research at MU and co-chairman of the upcoming conference.
Duncan said the conference has grown as a result of people continuing to work to explain the mysterious form of excess heat. He said although the conference will feature companies looking to make reactors that will produce energy from the basic understanding of LENR, for now MU’s researchers will continue to investigate just how this energy forms.
Rumors swirl around Defkalion Green Technologies to stream a live demo from Milan, Italy on July 22 during the conference.
Robert Godes is a name not very many people know, but he will be remembered as the 21st century’s version of Bill Gates. By 2015, his theories will revolutionize the way we produce and consume energy. By 2025, he will be the wealthiest man in world and a powerful voice for environmental activism. As the Founder and Chief Technical Officer at Brillouin Energy, Godes correctly hypothesized and commercialized what was formerly known as Cold Fusion. The process Godes perfected is in fact not fusion at all, but a controlled electron capture process whereby through various transmutations, surplus heat is created by the release of excess atomic binding energy. It’s a beautiful process and one that will be licensed to the world a billion times over.