In an interesting paper by Magdi Ragheb, the author discusses the various mechanisms whereby deuteron disintegration in condensed matter through photonuclear and wave polarization reactions aid in the source of neutrons leading to the apparent transmutations being proffered as the source of anomalous heat in LENR events.
The author relies heavily on the Oppenheimer–Phillips process or strip reaction which is a type of deuteron-induced nuclear reaction. In this process the neutron half of an energetic deuteron (a stable isotope of hydrogen with one proton and one neutron) fuses with a target nucleus, transmuting the target to a heavier isotope while ejecting a proton.
The author discusses:
USA Navy’s Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, SPAWAR experiment,
Brillouin Energy, Controlled Electron Capture Reaction,
By: Göran Ericsson and Stephan Pomp of the Division of Applied Nuclear Physics at Uppsala University, Sweden:
In a recent report titled “Indications of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device containing hydrogen loaded nickel powder” [arXiv:1305.3913], G. Levi and co-workers put forth several claims concerning the operations and performance of the so-called E-Cat of Andrea Rossi. We note first of all that the circumstances and people involved in the test make if far from being an independent one. We examine the claims put forth by the authors and note that in many cases they are not supported by the facts given in the report. The authors seem to jump to conclusions fitting pre-conceived ideas where alternative explanations are possible. In general we find that much attention is drawn to trivialities while important pieces of information and investigation are lacking and seem not to have been conducted or considered. These are characteristics more typically found in pseudo-scientific texts and have no place in a technical/scientific report on this level. We also note that the proposed claims would require new physics in not only one but several areas. Besides a cold-fusion like process without production of any radiation also extreme new material properties would be needed to explain what rather seems to be a problem of correct measurement. Therefore, it is clear to us that a truly independent and scientific investigation of the so called E-Cat device, convincingly demonstrating an “anomalous heat energy production” has not been presented in the arXiv report and is thus, to-date, still lacking.
Sergio Focardi, friend and scientific advisor to Andrea Rossi, died on June 22, 2013. Professor Focardi was an acclaimed Italian physicist, emeritus professorat the University of Bologna. He led the Department of Bologna of the (Italian) National Institute for Nuclear Physics and the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences at the University of Bologna.He was a member of the President’s Board of the Italian Physical Society.From 1992 he had been working on cold fusion with nickel-hydrogen reactors. Since 2007, he had been working with Andrea Rossi, who posted the following regarding his friend:
For me he has been a tremendous ally, he helped our work enormously and the safety certifications that we are obtaining are the fruit of his consulting during the last 7 years. For me he has been also a teacher for Physics and Mathematics, anytime I needed his help in these matters to better understand the theory behind the effect of the E-Cat.
Hydro Fusion is looking for a Pilot Customer for the first ECAT 1 MW Plant to operate in Sweden. The customer will only pay for the energy produced by the ECAT, i.e. Hydro Fusion and Leonardo Corporation will take responsibility for all associated costs including: the plant itself, installation and any transportation costs. In return the Pilot Customer agrees upon
Scheduled Installation time by late fall 2013.
Hydro Fusion and Leonardo Corporation to use the Pilot Plant as a Showcase where external customers can be introduced to an ECAT 1 MW in operation.
Hydro Fusion is open to any type of heat application given the restriction of a maximum 120 C temperature. The ECAT’s energy specifications are:
Heat energy is produced according to specs.
Heat energy 1 MW thermal at up to 120 C
Heat exchanger from ECAT system to customer heat application.
Electricity is consumed according to specs.
250 kWe maximum power consumption
166 kWe average power consumption, i.e. COP=6
Hydro Fusion would like to receive quotations from Pilot Customers on both thermal MWh price and electric MWh price, based on an assumption of 7,000+ operating hours per year. Please specify clearly if your quotes depend on the outdoor temperature.
Pilot Customers, with an interest in this game changing technology, are kindly asked to contact us at email@example.com. Please write “Pilot Customer” in the subject of the email.
Authors: Giuseppe Levi
Bologna University, Bologna, Italy;
Torbjörn Hartman, Bo Höistad,
Roland Pettersson and
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden;
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Daniele Passerini has posted another candid pic of Andrea Rossi’s “Hot” Cat on his blog. Passerini claims this photograph was taken sometime last year in 2012 and features the red hot device being pushed to its upper limits.
We have also been treated to pictures of the shipping and testing of the 1 MW Ecat plant from Rossi’s Journal of Nuclear Physics. The pictures were taken on April 30 – May 01 when the unit was purportedly transported from Bologna to Ferrara, Italy. Andrea Rossi has stated that this unit has been purchased by an American customer.
Andrea Rossi released a flurry of tantalizing messages last week, reporting a third party independent test of the eCat has concluded and the results will be available by the “middle of April.”
“I met with the 11 professors and experts that made the tests and they were very positive. One of them told me, “We got evidence that the “effect” is real beyond any reasonable doubt.’ …All the professors said the test is gone well, very well….The effect is stunning, we saw in our private tests, and has been replicated by the third independent party.”
Rossi also reported that the industrial 1 megawatt eCat acquired by an unidentified military customer has been available for 90% of the time, or about 8000 hours, with a COP of 6. Rossi reports the home eCat is “years away,” supposedly due to consumer testing and certification requirements.
Rumblings from the Rossi camp and now a press release from Prometeon SRL, the Italian Licensee of Leonardo Corporation’s E-Cat products, confirm the signing of a contract with a U.S. entity (translated):
A very important agreement concerning the Leonardo Corporation, producer of ‘E-Cat, was signed in October in the wake of the tests on’ Hot Cat made since June in Italy and the United States. A 1 MW thermal which uses the ‘Hot Cat should be in place during 2013 in a plant for the production and distribution of energy or located in the U.S. or in a country in which the counterparty is a signatory to the activities, and will be one of the first non-military applications of this revolutionary technology.